Syrian Arab Republic
Al-Jamhouriya al Arabiya As-Souriya
Republic under a military regime since March 1963.
Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Lebanon and Israel on the west, Turkey on the north, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south. Coastal Syria is a narrow plain, in back of which is a range of coastal mountains, and still farther inland a steppe area. In the east is the Syrian Desert, and in the south is the Jebel Druze Range. The highest point in Syria is Mount Hermon (9,232 ft; 2,814 m) on the Lebanese border.
71,498 sq mi (185,180 sq km)
(2003 est.): 17,585,540 (growth rate: 2.5%); birth rate: 29.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 31.7/1000; density per sq mi: 246
(2003 est.): Damascus, 2,381,800 (metro. area), 1,861,900
Aleppo, 2,492,100 (metro. area), 1,933,700 (city proper); Homs, 751,500; Latakia, 417,100; Hama, 380,200
Arabic (official), French and English widely understood
Arab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
Islam 90%, Christian 10%
wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk.
petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining.
petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropowerr.
Ministry Of Tourism
Ministry Of Information
Ministry of Education - Syria
Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources
Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform
Ministry of Industry
Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade
Ministry of Transportation
Ministry of Irrigation
Federation of Syria Chamber of Commerce
General Organization For Food Industry
General Company for Electrical & Communication Works
General Organization of Remote sensing
Syrian People Council
National Information Center
Damascus Chamber of Industry