State of Qatar
Geography: Qatar (pronounced KAH-tar) occupies a small peninsula that extends into the Persian Gulf from the east side of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia is to the west and the United Arab Emirates to the south. The country is mainly barren.
Area: 4,416 sq mi (11,437 sq km)
Population (2003 est.): 817,052 (growth rate: 1.1%); birth rate: 15.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 20.0/1000; density per sq mi: 185
Capital (2003 est.): Doha, 550,700 (metro. area), 318,500 (city proper)
Monetary unit: Qatari riyal
Languages: Arabic (official); English is also widely spoken
Ethnicity/race: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Religion: Islam 95%
Agriculture: fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish.
Industries: crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish.