State of Kuwait
National name: Dawlat al Kuwayt
Government: Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy, governed by the al-Sabah family.
Geography: Kuwait is situated northeast of Saudi Arabia at the northern end of the Persian Gulf, south of Iraq. The low-lying desert land is mainly sandy and barren.
Area: 6,880 sq mi (17,820 sq km)
Population (2003 est.): 2,183,161 (growth rate: 1.9%); birth rate: 21.8/1000; infant mortality rate: 10.6/1000; density per sq mi: 317
Capital (2003 est.): Kuwait, 1,709,800 (metro.area), 32,600 (city proper)
Largest city: as-Salimiyah, 146,900
Monetary unit: Kuwaiti dinar
Languages: Arabic (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Religions: Islam, 85% (Shi'ite 30%, Sunni 70%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other, 15%
Agriculture: practically no crops; fish.
Industries: petroleum, petrochemicals, desalination, food processing, construction materials.
Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas.