< The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
National name: Al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashemiyah
Government Constitutional hereditary monarchy.
Geography The Middle East kingdom of Jordan is bordered on the west by Israel and the Dead Sea, on the north by Syria, on the east by Iraq, and on the south by Saudi Arabia. Arid hills and mountains make up most of the country. The southern section of the Jordan River flows through the country.
Area: 35,637 sq mi (92,300 sq km) excludes West Bank
Population (2003 est.): 5,460,265 (growth rate: 2.1%); birth rate: 23.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 18.9/1000; density per sq mi: 153
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Amman, 2,677,500 (metro. area), 1,293,200
Other large cities: Zarka, 512,200; Irbid, 267,200; As-Salt, 200,400
Monetary unit: Jordanian dinar
Languages: Arabic (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Religions: Islam 92%, Christian 6%, other 2%
Agriculture: wheat, barley, citrus, tomatoes, melons, olives; sheep, goats, poultry.
Industries: phosphate mining, petroleum refining, cement, potash, light manufacturing, tourism.
Natural resources: phosphates, potash, shale oil.