Republic of Iraq
Jumhouriyat Al Iraq
government of Saddam Hussein collapsed on April 9 after U.S. and British
forces invaded the country. American diplomat Paul Bremer serves as the
civil administrator of the country. An Iraqi interim governing council with
limited powers was inaugurated in July. Twenty-five Iraqis, representative
of Iraq's various ethnic and religious groups, sit on the council. The presidency
will rotate alphabetically among nine of the members, changing each month.
a triangle of mountains, desert, and fertile river valley, is bounded on
the east by Iran, on the north by Turkey, on the west by Syria and Jordan,
and on the south by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The country has arid desert
land west of the Euphrates, a broad central valley between the Euphrates
and Tigris, and mountains in the northeast.
sq mi (437,072 sq km)
(2003 est.): 24,683,313 (growth rate: 2.8%);
birth rate: 33.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 55.2/1000; density per sq
Capital and largest city
(2003 est.): Baghdad, 6,777,300 (metro. area), 5,772,000 (city proper)
Mosul, 1,791,600; Basra, 1,377,000; Irbil, 864,900; Kirkuk, 755,700
(official) and Kurdish
Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
Islam 97% (Shi'ite 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%),
Christian or other 3%
wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates,
cotton; cattle, sheep.
petroleum, chemicals, textiles, construction
materials, food processing.
petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur.
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